The deadliest flu pandemic in history
The deadliest flu pandemic in history, The fear of COVID 19 ie Coronavirus dominates the world. The number of people infected worldwide has reached about 8.4 million so far, around 451,387 people have lost their lives due to this virus. After China. America is most affected by this. The World Health Organization has declared it a global epidemic.
However, this is not the first time that a disease has caused so much panic across the world. Cholera, plague, chickenpox, influenza have been among the largest viruses in human history. These diseases have killed 30 to 500 million people.
Let’s know about some such Deadliest flu pandemic in history that took away the lives of millions of people.
1.Spanish influenza (1918–19)
Deaths: 5-10 Crores (estimated)
The First Deadliest flu pandemic in history is Spanish influenza. An epidemic that has killed as much as Spanish influenza that occurred in 1918–1919. Worldwide, around 50 million people died. Many cities got eradicated from this disease caused by the virus. One-third of the world’s population i.e. 500 million population was hit by this epidemic.
Adults under 50 had the highest death rate from this epidemic. In the autumn of 1918, due to this devastating flu in Spain, it was named Spanish Influenza. About 1 to 2 crore people died in India alone.
2.The Black Death (plague) (1346–1353)
Deaths: 75,000,000 – 200,000,000 (estimate)
The Second Deadliest flu pandemic in history The Black Death (plague).The plague epidemic spread to Europe within the period 1346 to 1353. The plague epidemic killed crores of people in Africa and Asia. It is estimated that 75 million to 200 million people died due to this epidemic. It is believed to have originated in Asia.
The plague is spread by mice and then infected by humans through insects. It reached the whole world by sea ships. Its main carrier became ships, where mice are common to flourish.
Deaths: 2 to 5 crores
The Third Deadliest flu pandemic in history Flu(1918).In the period from 1918 to 1920, this deadly influenza engulfed the whole world. One-third of the world’s population succumbed to it and around 20 to 500 million people died. The disease affected 500 million people and the death toll was between 10 and 20 percent.
The disease killed 25 million people in the first week itself. The special feature of this influenza was that it killed most of the healthy young people and reduced the immunity of those who survived. Generally, influenza affects older people.
4.HIV AIDS, 1976 – Since
Deaths: 3.6 crore
The Fourth Deadliest flu pandemic in history is HIV AIDS.HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) ie AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) started in 1976 in the African country of Congo. Later this virus spread all over the world. After 1976, 36 million people became victims of AIDS.
Currently, about 3.1 to 35 million people are infected with HIV. Most people infected with HIV are in African countries.
In the period from 2005 to 2012, HIV had the highest impact. After this, the figure of death has reduced from 2.2 million to 1.6 million per year. Its treatment has not yet been discovered.
5.Plague of Justinian (541 AD – 750 AD)
Deaths: 25,000,000 – 100,000,000 (estimate)
The Fifth Deadliest flu pandemic in history is the Plague of Justinian. A disease called the Justinian plague, or bubonic plague, eliminated half of Europe’s population. The disease had the greatest impact on the Bidgetinian Empire and the Mediterranean Port. Within a year, 25 million people died due to this disease.
However, it was not known where the disease started mostly said it start from Europe. But the whole world has been affected due to this disease. 40 percent of the city’s population was eliminated. The average rate of death from the bubonic plague was 5,000 people per day.
6.Antonine Plague (165 to 180 AD)
Deaths: 5 million
The Sixth Deadliest flu pandemic in history is Antonine Plague. The Antonine plague most affected Asia, Egypt, Greece (Greece), and Italy of the time. The disease is also known as Galen. Many believe that the biggest reason for this is smallpox or measles. However, nothing can be said about this. 5 million people died due to this disease.
7.Asian Flu (1957 -58)
Deaths: 1 million
The next Deadliest flu pandemic in history Asian flu. Asian flu is an A grade influenza that spreads through H2N2. It began between 1956 and lasted until 1958. The epidemic spread to Singapore, Hong Kong, and the United States. According to the World Health Organization, 2 million people died due to the disease, of which 69,800 were Americans.
8.Hong Kong flu (1968-1969)
Deaths: 4 million
The Eighth Deadliest flu pandemic in history is Hong Kong flu. This second category of a flu pandemic is also known as Hong Kong flu. The cause of its pandemic is the H3N2 virus, a species of influenza pandemic causing the H2N2 virus.
The first case of the Hong Kong flu outbreak came in Hong Kong on July 13, 1968, and spread to Singapore and Vietnam within just 17 days. After this, within three months, the disease spread to the Philippines, India, Australia, Europe, and America and many people became victims of this disease.
Only 5 percent of the victims of this disease were killed, but it then put 5 million people in Hong Kong, or the then 15 percent of its population, to death.
Deaths: 1 million
The Ninth Deadliest flu pandemic in history flu. Flu pandemic was initially named Asian flu or Russian flu. It is also an A grade influenza, which spreads through H2N2. However, in many research, it has also been attributed to the H3N8 virus of A grade.
The first case of this disease came to notice in Turkistan, Central Asia in 1889.
Deaths: 451,387 So far
The last and most recent influenza pandemic in history is the coronavirus. The outbreak of the new coronavirus COVID-19 remains a global health problem. The virus has not spread from Wuhan to many countries around the world, including India, Iran, Italy, Spain, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore, and the United States. A coronavirus is a group of viruses that refers to viruses that can infect both humans and animals. COVID-19 is a new variant of a very common viral family called coronavirus that can cause respiratory infections, from common colds to more serious illnesses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). is. Coronaviruses are most commonly found in animals such as cattle, cats, and bats, but coronaviruses can be transmitted and spread to humans such as COVID-19 and SARS when they occur in 2003. Nearly 8,000 have occurred. sick.
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